What is a copyright, how is it created and what does it protect?
If you have created an original literary or artistic work in some tangible form – in writing, electronic file or on film or canvas, for example – then nothing more is required as copyright is created automatically.
So in order for a copyright to exist, you must have created a literary or artistic work that is original (independently created) and tangibly expressed in a form that is actually capable of being copied.
In general, the Copyright Act gives a copyright owner the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to do the following:
- Copy the work
- Prepare derivative works based on the original (screenplay based on a novel or vice versa)
- Distribute copies of the work to the public (publication)
- Publicly display
- Publicly perform
Collectively, these rights are often referred to as an author’s exclusive bundle of rights.
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